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2 edition of Effect of liner conferences on the level and structure of ocean freight rates found in the catalog.

Effect of liner conferences on the level and structure of ocean freight rates

Walter Miklius

Effect of liner conferences on the level and structure of ocean freight rates

by Walter Miklius

  • 119 Want to read
  • 28 Currently reading

Published by Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, ASEAN Economic Research Unit in Singapore .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Shipping -- Rates.,
  • Ocean liners.

  • Edition Notes

    Bibliography: p. 35-39.

    Statementby Walter Miklius and Younger Wu.
    SeriesResearch notes and discussions paper / Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, ASEAN Economic Research Unit,, no. 35, Research notes and discussions paper ;, no. 35.
    ContributionsWu, Younger.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsHE594 .M525 1983
    The Physical Object
    Paginationv, 39 p. ;
    Number of Pages39
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL2834879M
    LC Control Number83941269

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Effect of liner conferences on the level and structure of ocean freight rates by Walter Miklius Download PDF EPUB FB2

Effect of liner conferences on the level and structure of ocean freight rates. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, ASEAN Economic Research Unit, (OCoLC) Material Type: Government publication, International government publication: Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: Walter Miklius; Younger Wu.

factors behind the freight rates is not an easy task. The complexity arises from the fact that a large number of parties, each one with different objectives, is invol ved in container shipping.

were not primarily interested in the factors determining the level of ocean transport charges or changes in that level over time, differences among routes or among ports, or the effect of shipping conferences on rates.

Several empirical models of international trade flows, attempting to explain the volume of total trade between two countries. The deployment of mega container ships with a capacity + TEU on major trade lanes is a recent trend within the ocean shipping industry.

Larger ships pose multiple challenges to ports and hinterland connections as well as to the beneficial cargo owners. To achieve maximum utilization of their larger vessels, carriers have entered cooperative global alliances on predetermined routes Cited by: 2.

Liner shipping alliances and their impact on shipping connectivity in Southeast Asia. the liner conferences system with effect from October 18 the level of supply chain integration. conferences. This took effect on 18 October 2. The European Commission is seeking to establish the impact of the end of the liner with “all-in” freight rates that obscure the level of individual charges.

The level of THCs are Terminal handling charges during and after the liner conference era. The objective of this paper is to analyse liner shipping freight rates, and in particular, the role of surcharges.

In this regard it is much broader than a number of recent papers that have focused on the BAF rate alone (Wang et al.,Notteboom and Vernimmen,Notteboom and Cariou, Cariou and Wolff, ).It is demonstrated here that the surcharges bear little relation to the Cited by: The Review of Maritime Transport is a recurrent publication prepared by the UNCTAD secretariat since with the aim of fostering the transparency of maritime markets and analysing relevant developments.

Any factual or editorial corrections that may prove necessary, based on comments made by Governments, will be reflectedin a. The positive slope line in Fig. 1 shows the supply curve of round-trip voyages.

The vertical axis in Fig. 1 represents the prices for a round trip (P rt) and two individual one-way trips (P ij and P ji).In equilibrium, the number of voyages is presented in Fig.

1 as Q ⁎, which is the quantity equating a ship's demand and supply. P ij is the price paid by the shipper for Trans-Atlantic Cited by: 4.

In transportation, dwell time or terminal dwell time refers to the time a vehicle such as a public transit bus or train spends at a scheduled stop without moving. Typically, this time is spent boarding or deboarding passengers, but it may also be spent waiting for traffic ahead to clear, trying to merge into parallel traffic, or idling time in order to get back on schedule.

The international shipping industry is responsible for the carriage of around 90% of world trade. Shipping is the life blood of the global economy.

Without shipping, intercontinental trade, the bulk transport of raw materials, and the import/export of affordable food and manufactured goods would simply not be possible. A way out of this impasse is, however, available in the chain method devised by Marshall On this method, the price level of is compared with that of on the basis of the commodities available in both those years, new commodities introduced and old commodities dropped out during being ignored; the price level of is then.

Average freight rates on major trade lanes recovered to more sustainable levels for ocean carriers last year, thanks to decent trade volumes, supplyside measures (such as vessel scrapping and lay.

This editorial is a sequel to my editorial “Globalization, public sector reform, and the role of ports in international supply chains” (Haralambides ).Ideally, the two works should be read in parallel, for it is difficult to understand ports without a good understanding of international shipping and vice versa.

This has always been the MEL philosophy, whenever it came to the Cited by: FOB (Free on Board) is the most commonly-used trade term but in practice it is used without reference to any version of the Incoterms® rules.

In such cases it is then up to the seller and buyer to agree in their contract on what they mean when they use these three letters. This trade term goes back to the days of sailing ships, and in the.

Global Logistics Mixed feelings permeate operations Our European correspondent explores seven key areas that U.S.-based global shippers will need to keep a keen eye on as they roll into another year of forecast uncertainty.

January retail sales start with growth, according to Commerce and NRF Commerce reported that January retail. A few months later a new and elevated level of inter-governmental, and so commercial, interest was reached in the run-up to the WTO Doha Ministerial Conference and its programmed debate on an additional negotiating “package” of four unfamiliar items including “Trade Facilitation”.

The freight rates which are charged are based on the shipping company's tariff or if the company is a member of a liner conference, the tariff of that conference. An agent once compared a Liner Service with a bus service travelling to regular stops at regular times and on a regular turnaround route.

BIMCO intervention. Fraud, fake invoices & extortion. Counter party risk - background checks. Taxes, tariffs & charges. Find specific taxes, tariffs and charges for a port, state or county. Ships, ports & voyage planning. Ships, ports & voyage planning. Find a port, state or country.

Ships, ports & voyage planning. Sulphur cap. Thank you to our partners Australian Girls Choir and Gondwana National Choirs for keeping our spirits up.

They haven’t been able to practice together for a while but recorded this from their lounge rooms and backyards. We can’t wait to welcome you onboard again soon, and to take you to every corner of our beautiful country: to explore, for holidays and to see family, friends and loved ones.

The empty container allocation problem occurs in the context of the management of the land distribution and transportation operations of international maritime shipping companies. It involves dispatching empty containers of various types in response to requests by export customers and repositioning other containers to storage depots or ports in anticipation of future by:   Partly, this return to roots has been the result of the weakening or banning of liner conferences, and the low freight rates and service unreliability that ensued as a result.

Presently, you can bring a container from Hong Kong to Rotterdam with $; far below break-even by: This page contains the definition of term, words and/or phrase commonly used in pulp and papermaking, printing, converting and paper trading. A common ISO A-size of about /4 by /4 inches or x mm.

For all sizes see International Paper and Board Sizes. A fiber also known as manila hemp or manila fiber, prepared from the outer.